Project Principle Investigators (PIs)
Lead UK PI: Professor D K Arvind (University of Edinburgh)
Lead Indian PI: Professor Kalpana Balakrishnan (Sri Ramachandra University)
UK Principal Investigating Partners
- Prof. D K Arvind (PI) - holds a Personal Chair in Distributed Wireless Computation, UoE-I; CITRIS Visiting Professor at the University of California at Berkeley (2007-15); and is Director of the Centre for Speckled Computing. He was the PI and founding Director of the £5.3M UK EPSRC and SFC funded Research Consortium in Speckled Computing (2003-10), drawing computer scientists, electrochemists, physicists and electronic engineers from 5 UK universities, and pioneered the design and integration of miniature networked embedded systems, focusing on application in healthcare and environmental monitoring. He is the PI in UK National Health Service projects, monitoring COPD patients with the innovative RESpeck device in areas of England, and Scotland.
- Mark Miller (MRM) is a Senior Research Fellow studying the cardiovascular effects of particulate air pollution. He is a co-opted member of COMEAP, the UK government advisory board on air pollution.
- Anoop Shah (ASVS) is a Clinical Lecturer in Cardiology who has recently published metaanalyses on the effects of air pollution on heart failure (Lancet) and stroke (BMJ). MRM and ASVS are part of the British Heart Foundation-funded Edinburgh Air Pollution Programme and MRM leads the UoE contribution to the EU FP7-funded NanoMILE which aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of how environmental interactions affect nanoparticle toxicity.
- Fan Chung (FC) is Professor of Respiratory Medicine and a Consultant Respiratory Physician at the Royal Brompton Hospital, London. He has extensive experience of conducting studies in asthma and COPD, and also in studying the effect of environmental pollution on asthma. PC and FC are Co-Is in the NERC/MRC Oxford Street studies of traffic pollutants.
- Paul Cullinan (PC) is an academic respiratory clinician and Professor in Occupational and Environmental Respiratory. He has extensive experience recruiting individuals of all ages to environmental studies of asthma.
- Jennifer Quint (JQ) is a Clinical Senior Lecturer in Respiratory Epidemiology. She has experience in designing, recruiting patients for and analysis of panel studies investigating exacerbations and other health outcomes in COPD and asthma.
- Miranda Loh (ML) is a Senior Scientist in the Centre for Human Exposure Science. She is an expert in multi-media exposure field and modelling methods for environmental health impact assessment and has been project leader for studies of community exposure to arsenic and metals, using both environmental and biomarker measurements. For the HEALS (EC FP7) project, she is developing a multi-stressor personal exposure assessment system to measure a suite of exposures in both children and adults. ML is the PI and MRM is Co-I in the NERC/MRC-funded Air Pollution Impacts on Cardiopulmonary Disease in Beijing: An integrated study of Exposure Science, Toxicogenomics and Environmental Epidemiology (APIC-ESTEE).
- Karen Galea (KG), Head of the Exposure Science Section, has over 15 years research experience, focused on human exposure assessment relating to health risks. Her work has included the pesticide biomonitoring in residents living near agricultural land, use of novel sensors technologies to assess urban air quality and assessment of exposure to second hand tobacco smoke.
- Hilary Cowie (HC) is Head of Statistics and Director of Research Operations at IOM, and has over 25 years’ research experience in occupational and environmental health, in particular as a statistician/epidemiologist. She has been scientific co-ordinator of the EDPHiS study looking at environmental influences on health and health inequalities in Scottish children. She also led the work-stream “From human exposures to health effects” in the HEIMTSA study, which was completed in 2011. DKA, HC, ML collaborate on the EPSRC SHAPE-funded project on monitoring spatiotemporal variability of ambient ground-level NO2 and O3 concentrations using low-cost sensors.
Indian Principal Investigating Partners
- Kalpana Balakrishnan (PI) is Professor and Director of the WHO Collaborating Center in Occupational and Environmental Health. She has extensive experience in conducting large scale field studies concerning air pollution exposures and health effects in household, ambient and occupational settings across multiple states in India. Dr. Balakrishnan has experience in launching the first environmental health cohort with a specific focus on air pollution in India. She has recently concluded the first phase of the ICMR-funded TAPHE cohort that followed nearly 1200 mother-child dyads for 5 years in the state of Tamil Nadu and is currently communicating the results of exposure-response models in peer reviewed literature.
- Sankar Sambandam (SS) is Associate Professor and Head of the Department of Environmental Health Engineering. He has extensive experience in field data collection in Delhi Air Pollution: Health aNd Effects (DAPHNE) rural and urban communities across multiple states in India in exposure assessment for household and ambient air pollution. KB is the PI and SS is Co-I on the ICMR-funded TAPHE cohort study examining impacts of ambient and household air pollution on pregnancy, early childhood and adult (respiratory) outcomes in Tamil Nadu.
- Sachi Tripathi (ST) holds the Rajeeva and Sangeeta Lahri Chair in the Departments of Civil Engineering and Earth Sciences at IITK with research interests in accurately representing aerosol effects in the regional climate-chemistry models that are used to estimate the climate and health impacts of aerosols over the Indo-Gangetic Basin.
- Sagnik Dey (SD) is Assistant Professor in Centre for Atmospheric Science, IITD and has over 10 years of experience in atmospheric modelling and satellite data analysis for environmental applications. He has developed a high resolution PM2.5 database for the country for exposure assessment. He is currently working on to future projections of PM2.5 and associated health risk in a warming climate.
- Narendra Kumar Arora (NA) is the Executive Director of this global network of clinicians and scientists, and has extensive experience in demographic surveillance for environmental health impacts on maternal and child health. He was previously the Professor of Pediatrics at AIIMS with a research focus on improving the healthcare of disadvantaged populations in low- and middle-income countries. Dr NK Arora is responsible for one the largest population level surveillance registers in Palwal, south of Delhi, and maintains longitudinal cohorts of pregnant women, women, men and children for a range of health endpoints, including air pollution measurement exercises within these cohorts.
- Randeep Guleria (RG) is Professor and Head of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders. He has worked on a number of research projects investigating the clinical effects of high levels of air pollution in Delhi, and is currently leading an ICMR study on air pollution and hospital admissions within the city. Dr. Guleria heads the has extensive experience in managing respiratory conditions, including adolescent asthmatics.
- Kiran Guleria (KG) is Professor of Obstetrics & Gynaecology with research interests in adverse reproductive effects of the environment. She has participated as an investigator for the Indian node of the UK MRC/DfID-funded CORONIS (International study of caesarean section surgical techniques : the follow-up study) study led by the University of Oxford.